What is Software Quality Assurance?

Quality Assurance is often mentioned hand in hand when discussing the role of testing in the development process.   This is an entirely appropriate and correct attribution however Software Quality Assurance has been formally recognized to be a much larger practice and the areas it touches are much wider in scope than merely performing the test process.   The Wikipedia definition is great place to start.   See below: 

Software quality assurance (SQA) consists of a means of monitoring the software engineering processes and methods used to ensure quality. The methods by which this is accomplished are many and varied, and may include ensuring conformance to one or more standards, such as ISO 9000 or a model such as CMMI.

SQA encompasses the entire software development process, which includes processes such as requirements definition, software design, coding, source code control, code reviews, change management, configuration management, testing, release management, and product integration. SQA is organized into goals, commitments, abilities, activities, measurements, and verifications.[1]

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